Chapter 1: History and Geography

Hrushevsky, Myhailo. “History of Ukraine-Rus”. Edmonton, Alberta: University of Alberta Press, 1997.

Magocsi, Paul Robert. “A History of Ukraine: The Land and Its Peoples”. Buffalo, NY: University of Toronto Press, 2010.

Plokhy, Serhii. “The Gates of Europe: A History of Ukraine”. New York, NY: Hachette Book Group, 2021

Plokhy, Serhii. “Ukraine and Russia: Representations of the Past”. Buffalo, NY: University of Toronto Press, 2008.

“Timothy Snyder: The Making of Modern Ukraine. Class 5: Vikings, Slavers, Lawgivers: The Kyiv State,” Youtube Video, posted by YaleCourses. September 21, 2022.


Chapter 2: The Cossacks

“A Brief History of the Cossacks.”, Fourth Media, 2022.

Bovkun, Serhiy. “The Unlearned Lesson of Kryshtof Kosynsky.” 2003.

“Cossack | Russian and Ukrainian People.” Encyclopædia Britannica, 2019,

“Cossacks | International Encyclopedia of the First World War (WW1).” 1914-1918 Online, International Encyclopedia of the First World War, 2014

“Marko Zhmaylo.” Military Wiki, Fandom.

“Nalyvaiko, Severyn.” Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine . Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies.

Ohloblyn, Oleksander and Vytanovych, Illia. “Burghers.” International Encyclopedia of Ukraine, Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, 2001.

Palii, Oleksandr. “A History of Ukraine. Episode 37. Ukrainian ANTI-POLISH Uprisings.” Radio Lemberg, 2018.,Kodak%20fortress%20on%20the%20Dnipro

Peeling, Siobhan. “Russo-Japanese War” 1914-1918 Online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War (WW1), 2021.

Plokhy, Serhii. “The Gates of Europe: A History of Ukraine”. New York, NY: Hachette Book Group, 2021

“Polish–Muscovite War (1609–1618).” DBpedia.–Muscovite_War_(1609–1618)

Rickard, J. “Battle of Klushino, 4 July 1610.

Subtelny, Orest. “Cossack-Polish War.” Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine, Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, 2001.

“The Commonwealth of Poland.” Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica INC.

“Treaty of Khotyn.” Military Wiki, Fandom.

“Treaty of Pereiaslav (1630).” Wikiwand.


Chapter 3: “Murder by Starvation”: The Holodomor

Andrew A Pyrcz. 2017. “Stalin and Ukraine’s Holodomor (1932-1933).” Agora (Melbourne, Vic.) 52 (2): 24–35.

Applebaum, Anne. Red Famine : Stalin’s War on Ukraine. New York: Doubleday, 2017.

Bezo, Brent, and Stefania Maggi. 2015. “Living in ‘survival Mode:’ Intergenerational Transmission of Trauma from the Holodomor Genocide of 1932–1933 in Ukraine.” Social Science & Medicine (1982) 134. England: Elsevier Ltd: 87–94. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.04.009.

Conquest, Robert. 1986. The Harvest of Sorrow : Soviet Collectivization and the Terror-Famine. New York: Oxford University Press.

Dreyer, N. (2018). Genocide, Holodomor and Holocaust Discourse as Echo of Historical Injury and as Rhetorical Radicalization in the Russian-Ukrainian Conflict of 2013-18. Journal of Genocide Research, 20(4), 545–564.

Ellman, Michael. 2007. “Stalin and the Soviet Famine of 1932 – 33 Revisited.” Europe-Asia Studies 59 (4). Abingdon: Routledge: 663–93. doi:10.1080/09668130701291899.

Friedman, Jonathan C., and William (William L.) Hewitt. 2019. The History of Genocide in Cinema : Atrocities on Screen. First edition. London, England: I.B. Tauris. doi:10.5040/9781350988750.

Graziosi, Andrea, and Frank E. Sysyn. 2022. Genocide : The Power and Problems of a Concept. Montréal, Québec: McGill-Queen’s University Press. doi:10.1515/9780228009511.

Graziosi, Andrea, Lubomyr Hajda, and Halyna Hryn. After the Holodomor : The Enduring Impact of the Great Famine on Ukraine. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Distributed by Harvard University Press for the Ukrainian Research Institute, 2013.


Hildermeier, Manfred. 2016. Die sowjetunion, 1917-1991. 3., überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage. Berlin, [Germany] ; De Gruyter Oldenbourg. doi:10.1515/9783486855548.

Hryn, Halyna. Hunger by Design : The Great Ukrainian Famine and its Soviet Context. Cambridge, Mass: Ukrainian Research Institute, Harvard University, 2008.

Kasianov, Georgiy. “Holodomor and the Holocaust in Ukraine as Cultural Memory: Comparison, Competition, Interaction.” Journal of Genocide Research 24, no. 2 (2022): 216-227. doi:10.1080/14623528.2021.1968146.

Khiterer, Victoria. 2020. “The Holodomor and Jews in Kyiv and Ukraine: An Introduction and Observations on a Neglected Topic.” Nationalities Papers 48 (3). New York, USA: Cambridge University Press: 460–75. doi:10.1017/nps.2018.79.

Kis, Oksana. 2021. “Women’s Experience of the Holodomor: Challenges and Ambiguities of Motherhood.” Journal of Genocide Research 23 (4). Abingdon: Routledge: 527–46. doi:10.1080/14623528.2020.1834713.

Kulchytsky, Stanislav. 2018. The Famine of 1932–1933 in Ukraine: An Anatomy of the Holodomor. Translated by Ali Kinsella. Edmonton, Alberta: University of Alberta Press.

Kuzovova, Natalia. 2022. “Childhood During the Holodomor 1932–1933 in Ukraine (in the South of Ukraine).” Journal of Family History 47 (1). Los Angeles, CA: SAGE Publications: 59–77. doi:10.1177/03631990211020339.

Levchuk, Oleh. n.d. “The Great Famine Project | MAPA Digital Atlas of Ukraine.” MAPA Digital Atlas of Ukraine. Accessed November 3, 2023.

Levy, Cli THE HOLODOMOR: EXPRESSING THE INEXPRESSIBLE fford J. 2009. “A New View Of a Famine That Killed Millions.(Foreign Desk)(KIEV JOURNAL).” New York Times (Online).

Luciuk, Lubomyr. “”Genocide and the Politics of Victimhood in Western Narratives of the Ukrainian Holodomor”.” The Australian Journal of Politics and History 59, no. 2 (2013): 328. doi:10.1111/ajph.12017.

Melnyczuk, Lesa. 2012. Silent Memories, Traumatic Lives Ukrainian Migrant Refugees in Western Australia. Welshpool, W.A: Western Australian Museum.

Motyl, Alexander J. “DELETING THE HOLODOMOR: Ukraine Unmakes Itself.” World Affairs (Washington); World Affairs 173, no. 3 (2010): 25-33. doi:10.3200/WAFS.173.3.25-34.

Naimark, Norman M. 2010. Stalin’s Genocides. Course Book. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press,. doi:10.1515/9781400836062.

Plokhy, Serhii. 2021. The Gates of Europe : a History of Ukraine. Revised edition. New York, NY: Basic Books.


Polian, Pavel. 2003. Against Their Will : The History and Geography of Forced Migrations in the USSR. 1st ed. Budapest: Central European University Press. doi:10.1515/9786155053832.

Rudnytskyi, Omelian, Stanislav Kulchytskyi, Oleksandr Gladun, and Natalia Kulyk. “The 1921–1923 Famine and the Holodomor of 1932–1933 in Ukraine: Common and Distinctive Features.” Nationalities Papers; Nationalities Papers 48, no. 3 (2020): 549-568. doi:10.1017/nps.2019.81.

Snyder, Timothy. 2010. Bloodlands : Europe Between Hitler and Stalin. New York: Basic Books.

Suny, Ronald Grigor. 2015. “They Can Live in the Desert but Nowhere Else” : A History of the Armenian Genocide. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press,. doi:10.1515/9781400865581.

United Nations Office on Genocide Prevention and the Responsibility to Protect. “ABOUT THE GENOCIDE CONVENTION THE CONVENTION ON THE PREVENTION AND PUNISHMENT OF THE CRIME OF GENOCIDE (1948).” the United Nations, Accessed 15 December 2023.

Wheatcroft, Stephen G. “The Turn Away from Economic Explanations for Soviet Famines.” Contemporary European History 27, no. 3 (2018): 465–69. doi:10.1017/S0960777318000358.

Wolowyna, Oleh. “Contextualizing the Holodomor: The Impact of Thirty Years of Ukrainian Famine Studies Ed. by Andrij Makuch and Frank Sysyn (Review).” Ab Imperio 2017, no. 2 (2017): 335-341. doi:10.1353/imp.2017.0044.

Zhurzhenko, Tatiana. 2011. “Capital of Despair: Holodomor Memory and Political Conflicts in Kharkiv after the Orange Revolution.” East European Politics and Societies 25 (3). Los Angeles, CA: SAGE Publications: 597–639. doi:10.1177/0888325410387646.


Chapter 4: Governance, Economy, and Foreign Policy

Bovkun, Serhiy. “The Unlearned Lesson of Kryshtof Kosynsky.” The Unlearned Lesson Of Kryshtof Kosynsky, December 16, 1970.

“Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace,

Council on Foreign Relations, Council on Foreign Relations,

“Finance & Economics.” The Economist, The Economist Newspaper, https://www.economist.cHickey, C.K. “FP’s Fall 2022 Print Magazine: The Food Issue.” Foreign Policy,

“Home Page Top Stories.” NPR, NPR,

“How Zelensky Has Changed Ukraine.” Journal of Democracy. Accessed December 9, 2022.

Hryaban, Viktoriya. “The ‘Europeanisation’ Project in the Ukraine.” Home. Accessed December 9, 2022.

“Local Elections in Ukraine, October 25, 2015 Democracy in Ukraine.” Accessed December 9, 2022.

“Marko Zhmaylo.” Military Wiki. Accessed December 12, 2022.

“Nyt: Restaurant Update for 1/20/2006.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 28 Aug. 2018,

Nalyvaiko, Severyn, 1993.

Ohloblyn, Oleksander, and Illia Vytanovych. Burghers. International Encyclopedia of Ukraine , 1984.

Palii, Oleksandr. “A History of Ukraine. Episode 37. Ukrainian ANTI-POLISH Uprisings.” Radio Lemberg – airing Ukraine to the World, eyeing the World for Ukraine. News, opinions, events as they are. We speak your language, 2018.,Kodak%20fortress%20on%20the%20Dnipro.

Plokhy, Sherhii. The Gates of Europe: A History of Ukraine. New York, NY: Basic Books, 2021.

“Polish–Muscovite War (1609–1618).” DBpedia. Accessed December 12, 2022.

Relations, Council on Foreign. “A Historical Timeline of Post-Independence Ukraine.” PBS. Public Broadcasting Service, February 22, 2022.

Rickard, J. “Battle of Klushino, 4 July 1610.” Battle of klushino, 4 July 1610, 2007.

Scheffer, David J. “About Foreign Affairs.” Foreign Affairs, 23 Aug. 2022,

Subtelny, Orest. “Cossack-Polish War.” Cossack-polish war, 1984.

“The Commonwealth of Poland.” Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, inc. Accessed December 12, 2022.

“Treaty of Khotyn.” Military Wiki. Accessed December 12, 2022.

“Treaty of Pereiaslav (1630).” Wikiwand. Accessed December 12, 2022.

Ukrainian Research Institute at Harvard University, .

Zhukovsky, Arkadii. “Khotyn, Battle Of.” Khotyn, battle of, 1988.


Chapter 4: Activism and the Arts

Anieri, Paul D., Paul D. Anieri, and Taras Kuzio. Aspects of the Orange Revolution. I, Democratization and Election in Post-Communist Ukraine. Edited by Paul D. Anieri and Taras Kuzio. Stuttgart: Ibidem Verlag, 2012.

Bisikalo, Anna. “Zhinocha Pratsia : Women’s Activism in Independent Ukraine”. Thesis (B.A., Honors, Government, Russian and East European Studies)–Wesleyan University, 2017., 2017.

Kis, Oksana. “Ukrainian Women Reclaiming the Feminist Meaning of International Women’s Day: A Report About Recent Feminist Activism.” Aspasia (New York, N.Y.) 6, no. 1 (2012): 219–.

Nikolayenko, Olena, and Maria DeCasper. “Why Women Protest: Insights from Ukraine’s EuroMaidan.” Slavic review 77.3 (2018): 726–751. Web.

Plokhy, Serhii. The Gates of Europe : a History of Ukraine. Revised edition. New York, NY: Basic Books, 2021.

Reznik, Oleksandr. “From the Orange Revolution to the Revolution of Dignity: Dynamics of the Protest Actions in Ukraine.” East European politics and societies 30, no. 4 (2016): 750–765.

Shore, Marci, “Timothy Snyder: The Making of Modern Ukraine. Class 20. Maidan and Self-Understanding”, Youtube Video, 51:10, November 19, 2022,

York, Steve. Orange Revolution. New York, NY: The Cinema Guild, 2007.


Chapter 5: The Humanitarian Crisis: Refugees and IDPs

Adema, Joop and Maitreyee Guha. “Following the Online Trail of Ukrainian Refugees through Google Trends.” CESifo Forum 23, no. 4 (07, 2022): 62-66.

Anders, Caroline. “Biden Headed to the Epicenter of the Ukrainian Refugee Crisis: Poland.” WP Company LLC d/b/a The Washington Post.

Albrecht, Clara and Tetyana Panchenko. “Refugee Flow from Ukraine: Origins, Effects, Scales and Consequences *.” CESifo Forum 23, no. 4 (07, 2022): 8-16.

Anders, Caroline. “Biden Headed to the Epicenter of the Ukrainian Refugee Crisis: Poland.” WP Company LLC d/b/a The Washington Post.

Beirens, Hanne. “Is Europe Ready to Handle Ukraine’s Refugee Crisis? by Working Together, EU Countries could Ease Resettlement.” Los Angeles Times, Mar 08, 2022.

Brücker, Herbert. “War in the Ukraine: Consequences for the Governance of Refugee Migration and Integration.” CESifo Forum 23, no. 4 (07, 2022): 41-48.

Dumitrescu, Alina Ligia and Valentin Constantin. “The Socio-Economic Impact of Migration in the EU: In the Case of Ukraine Refugees 1.” Global Economic Observer 10, no. 1 (2022): 7-15.

Duszczyk, Maciej and Paweł Kaczmarczyk. “Poland and War Refugees from Ukraine – Beyond Pure Aid.” CESifo Forum 23, no. 4 (07, 2022): 36-40.

Eric Sylvers, “Ukrainian Refugee Numbers Cross 600,000, Says UNHCR,” Washington Street Journal (March 2022).

Frances, Stead Sellers. “Expert Explains Health Crises of Ukraine Refugees.” The Washington Post, May 10, 2022.


International Organization for Migration, “Needs Growing for Over 8 Million Internally Displaced in Ukraine,” International Organization for Migration (May 2022).

Needs Growing for Over 8 Million Internally Displaced in Ukraine | International Organization for Migration (

“‘I Will Stay Until Kharkiv Is Rebuilt’: We Revisit Five Ukrainian Families Rebuilding Their Lives in the EU; Illness, Homesickness, Language Barriers and Job Scarcity All Took Their Toll. But the Welcome — from Portugal to Poland — Could Not Have Been warmerRead More: Four Months on, the Ukrainian Refugee Crisis Is Only Just Beginning.” The Guardian (London). Guardian News & Media, 2022.

Jan Domaradzki, Dariusz Walkowiak, Dominika Bazan, and Ewa Baum. “Volunteering in the Front Line of the Ukrainian Refugee Crisis: A Brief Report from Poland.” Frontiers in public health 10 (2022).

Kaufman, Kenneth R., Kamaldeep Bhui, and Cornelius Katona. “Mental Health Responses in Countries Hosting Refugees from Ukraine.” BJPsych open 8, no. 3 (2022): 1–10.

Khaled, Fatma. “Ukraine Refugees Encounter Chaos, Racism–and Also ‘Extraordinary Humanity’; ‘We know that we are not even scratching the surface to meet the needs of Ukrainians,’ says a UN expert. Can Europe handle the 4 million refugees expected?” Newsweek, March 25, 2022, NA. Gale Academic OneFile (accessed October 31, 2022).

Knox, Olivier and Caroline Anders. “Don’t Forget the Ukraine Refugee Crisis.” WP Company LLC d/b/a The Washington Post.

“Lives on Hold: Profiles and Intentions of Refugees from Ukraine.” UNHCR. UNHCR Regional Bureau for Europe, July 13, 2022.

Loznitsa, Sergei, Valentyn Vasyanovych, Natalya Vorozhbit, and Iryna Tsilyk, dirs. Voices of Ukraine. New York, NY: Film Movement, 2022

Mizrahi, Tal, and Jose Yallouz. “Using Internet Measurements to Map the 2022 Ukrainian Refugee Crisis” (2022).

Nadya Tkachenko (Founder & president, Project Nadiya for Rebuilding and Renewal of Ukraine) in discussion founder, November 2022.

“Project Nadiya,” last modified 2022, accessed 2022, Html

“Stop matching lone female Ukraine refugees with single men, UK told; UN agency intervenes in wake of claims predatory men using Homes for Ukraine scheme to target vulnerableRussia-Ukraine war: live updates.” Guardian [London, England], April 13, 2022, NA. Gale Academic OneFile (accessed October 31, 2022).

Sugden, Joanna. “Ukraine Refugees: What to Know about the Humanitarian Situation; Speed, Scale of Exodus from Ukraine Outstrip any Movement of People since World War II.” Wall Street Journal (Online), May 12, 2022.

Susanna Nazarova, Notes of a Volunteer (unpublished).

“Ukraine – Internal Displacement Report – General Population Survey Round 10 (17 – 27 October 2022).” DTM. IOM UN Migration, October 2022.

“Ukraine refugees are flocking to Germany — and shunning the UK; Ease of finding accommodation and work lures 10 times the number who have made it to Britain.” Observer [London, England], April 30, 2022, NA. Gale Academic OneFile (accessed October 31, 2022).

“Ukraine Refugees: Eager to Work but Need Greater Support | UN News.” UN News. United Nations, September 23, 2022.

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, “Ukraine Refugee Situation,” United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (November 2022).

“UNHCR Ukraine Operational Response Delivery Update – 23 November 2022.” UNHCR Operational Data Portal (ODP). UNHCR, November 23, 2022.

Situation Ukraine Refugee Situation (



Chapter 6: Global Ukraine: Diaspora Communities Engaging at Home

Nedashkivska, Alla. “Identity in Interaction: Language Practices and Attitudes of the Newest Ukrainian Diaspora in Canada.” University of Alberta, Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies East, West (Edmonton), 2018, Vol.5 (2), p.111-147

Palamarchuk, N., and Radetska, O. “Ukrainian Diaspora in Canada and Its Contribution to the Establishment of an Independent Ukrainian State.” Storìnki Istorìï 42, 129–138. Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, 2016.

Struk, D. “Between Ukish and Oblivion: The Ukrainian Language in Canada Today.” University of Toronto, 2000.

Volkov, V. “Institutional development of the Ukrainian diaspora in Russia 1991–2010.” Cherkassy University Bulletin: Historical Sciences 322, no. 29 (January 2014)

Zubyk, Andrii, and Kornichuk, Dmytro. “Modern Ukrainian Diaspora in Countries of Former USSR.” Časopis socìalʹno-ekonomìčnoï geografìï 22, no. 1 (2017): 161–167.

Ziyatdinova, Emine. “The Wind Blows East” Anthropology Now 6, no. 1 (2014): 104-116.

Fiń, Anna. “In the Space of „Displaced Borderland”.A Few Reflections on the Relationships Between Polish and Ukrainian Immigrants in the United States.” Studia Migracyjne – Przegląd Polonijny 40, no. 1 (2014): 143–160.

Pritz, Alexandra. “Ukrainian Cultural Traditions in Canada: Theatre, Choral Music, and Dance, 1891-1967” University of Ottawa

Batalova, Jeanne Batalova Joshua Rodriguez And Jeanne. “Ukrainian Immigrants in the United States.”, September 30, 2022.

Grekul, Lisa, and Lindy Ledohowski, eds. Unbound: Ukrainian Canadians Writing Home. University of Toronto Press, 2016.

Klavdia Tatar. “Helping the Homeland in Troubled Times: Advocacy by Canada’s Ukrainian Diaspora in the Context of Regime Change and War in Ukraine.” Central and Eastern European Migration Review 9, no. 2 (2020): 35–51.

Luciuk, Lubomyr Y. “Searching for place: Ukrainian displaced persons, Canada, and the migration of memory” University of Toronto Press, 2000

Palamarchuk, and O. Radetska. “Ukrainian Diaspora in Canada and Its Contribution to the Establishment of an Independent Ukrainian State.” Storìnki Istorìï 42 (2016): 129–138.

Swyripa, Frances. “Ukrainian Canadians: A Survey of Their Portrayal in English Language Works” The University of Alberta Press, January 1978


Chapter 7: The Ongoing Language Discussion in Ukraine

Aliyev, Huseyn. “The Logic of Ethnic Responsibility and Progovernment Mobilization in East Ukraine Conflict.” Comparative Political Studies 52, no. 8 (2019): 1200–1231.

Arel, Dominique. “Language, Status, and State Loyalty in Ukraine.” Harvard Ukrainian Studies 35, no. 1/4 (2017): 233–63.

Barrington, Lowell. “A New Look at Region, Language, Ethnicity and Civic National Identity in Ukraine.” Europe-Asia Studies 74, no. 3 (2022): 360–81.

Ben, Bohdan, and Sonia Maryn. 2023. “What language is the default in Ukraine? By all means, Ukrainian.” Euromaidan Press.

Besters-Dilger, Juliane. “The Ukrainian Language in Education and Mass Media.” Harvard Ukrainian Studies 29, no. 1/4 (2007): 257–93.

Chayinska, Maria, Anna Kende, and Michael J. A. Wohl. “National Identity and Beliefs about Historical Linguicide Are Associated with Support for Exclusive Language Policies among the Ukrainian Linguistic Majority.” Group Processes & Intergroup Relations 25, no. 4 (2022): 924–40. doi:10.1177/1368430220985911.

Jašina-Schäfer, Alina, and Monika Wingender. “Nadiya Kiss: ‘Language matters’: Language Activism in Contemporary Ukraine.” In Kulturelle Kontakt- und Konfliktzonen im östlichen Europa, Vol. 8. Germany: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2021.

Kolisnichenko, Natalya, and Allan Rosenbaum. “Building a New Democracy in Ukraine: The Unacknowledged Issue of Ethnic and Linguistic Diversity in Public Administration Education and Training.” Public Administration Review 69, no. 5 (2009): 932–40. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6210.2009.02042.x.

Kubijovyč, Volodymyr. “Ukrainization.” In Encyclopedia of Ukraine 5. Vol. 5. Toronto u.a.: Univ. of Toronto Pr., 1993.
Kudriavtseva, Natalia. “Standard Ukrainian in the Multilingual Context: Language Ideologies and Current Educational Practices.” Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 42, no. 2 (2021): 152–64. doi:10.1080/01434632.2020.1715990.

Kulyk, Volodymyr. “Memory and Language: Different Dynamics in the Two Aspects of Identity Politics in Post-Euromaidan Ukraine.” Nationalities Papers 47, no. 6 (2019): 1030–47. doi:10.1017/nps.2018.60.

Lanvers, Ursula, and Tetyana Lunyova. “Language Policies in Ukrainian Higher Education: Language in the Firing Line?” European Journal of Language Policy 15, no. 1 (2023): 25–68. doi:10.3828/ejlp.2023.3.

Liapin, Mykhailo. 2013. “EuroMaidan, 22 December.” Flickr. December 22, 2013.

“Lukash.” n.d. Accessed December 18, 2023.

Noack, Christian. “The Russian World in Perspective: Comparing Russian Culture and Language Promotion with British, German and French Practices.” In Politics of the Russian Language Beyond Russia, edited by Christian Noack, 215–40. Edinburgh University Press, 2021.

Olszański, Tadeusz. 2019. “Ukrainians and their language. The Act on the State Language of Ukraine.” Ośrodek Studiów Wschodnich.

Onuch, Olga, and Henry E. Hale. “Capturing Ethnicity: The Case of Ukraine.” Post-Soviet Affairs 34, no. 2–3 (2018): 84–106. doi:10.1080/1060586X.2018.1452247.

Palko, Olena. “Reading in Ukrainian: The Working Class and Mass Literature in Early Soviet Ukraine.” Social History (London) 44, no. 3 (2019): 343–68.

Palikot, Aleksander. 2023. “’It Will Perish When I’m Gone’: Russian Language Usage Plunges In Wartime Ukraine.” Radio Free Europe.

Palinska, Olesya. “East vs West: Geopolitical Orientations and Language Practices of Residents of Central and Southern Ukraine.” Journal of Eurasian Studies 14, no. 2 (2023): 129–38. doi:10.1177/18793665231185794.

Pauly, Matthew. Breaking the Tongue : Language, Education, and Power in Soviet Ukraine, 1923-1934. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2018.

Pavlenko, Aneta. Multilingualism in Post-Soviet Countries. Bristol, UK ;: Multilingual Matters, 2008. doi:10.21832/9781847690883.

Pearce, Matt. 2022. “Ukrainian language sees surge in interest since invasion.” Los Angeles Times.

Pop-Eleches, Grigore, and Graeme B. Robertson. “Identity and Political Preferences in Ukraine – before and after the Euromaidan.” Post-Soviet Affairs 34, no. 2–3 (2018): 107–18. doi:10.1080/1060586X.2018.1452181.

Savchyn, Valentyna. “Resisting Russification in Soviet Ukraine through Literary Translation: The Voice of Mykola Lukash.” East, West (Edmonton) 10, no. 1 (2023): 113–36. doi:10.21226/ewjus678.

Slobozhan, Ivan, Tymofii Brik, and Rajesh Sharma. “Longitudinal Change in Language Behaviour During Protests: a Case Study of Euromaidan in Ukraine.” Social Network Analysis and Mining 12, no. 1 (2022). doi:10.1007/s13278-022-00931-7.

Tarasiuk, Alexander. 2012. “Kiev. Morning on Volodymyrska Street.” Flickr. August 1, 2012.

Verkhovna Rada. 1996. Constitution of Ukraine. Constitution of Ukraine [Ukraine], 28 June 1996, available at: [accessed 12 December 2023].

Yao, Hui, Andrew Crowden, and Radislav Vaisman. “Ukrainization and the Effect of Russian Language on the Web: The Google Trends Case Study.” Problems of Post-Communism ahead-of-print, no. ahead-of-print (2023): 1–17. doi:10.1080/10758216.2023.2224568.


Chapter 9:

“About Us.” n.d. DakhaBrakha.

Caramanica, Jon. 2022. “The Sounds of Ukrainian Pop.” Podcast. New York Times.

Baley V. and Sofia H.“Ukraine” Grove Music Online Oxford Music online, 2001

Cornish, G. “When Ukrainian music wasn’t under threat, it thrived.” The New York Times, (2022)

Gonzalez , Carlos . 2022. Picture of DakhaBrakha the New York Times. Photgraph.

Grote, George. 2010. A History of Greece. N.p.: Cambridge University Press.

Hernández, Javier C. 2022. “Ukrainians Fill Streets with Music, Echoing Past War Zones.” The New York Times, March 25, 2022, sec. Arts.

“Kiev: 1,500 years of culture.” n.d. UNESCO Digital Library. Accessed December 12, 2023.

Klid, Bohdan. n.d. “Songwriting and Singing: Ukrainian Revolutionary and Not So Revolutionary Activities in the 1860s · CIUS-Archives.” CIUS-Archives. Accessed December 12, 2023.

Klumbyte, Neringa, and Sharafutdinova, Gulnaz, eds. Soviet Society in the Era of Late Socialism, 1964-1985. Blue Ridge Summit: Lexington Books/Fortress Academic, 2012. ProQuest Ebook Central.

Kotlyarevsky, Ivan. n.d. “HISTORY OF UKRAINIAN CULTURE ІСТОРІЯ УКРАЇНСЬКОЇ КУЛЬТУРИ.” Repository of Kharkiv National Medical University. Accessed December 12, 2023.

“Learn about Ukraine’s Resilience and Its History with Russia through These 4 Songs.” Pitt Wire. University of Pittsburgh, March 1, 2022.,and%20culture%2C%20including%20its%20music.

“Magdalenian culture | Prehistoric Art & Technology.” n.d. Britannica. Accessed December 12, 2023.

Markiv, Mariana. “History of VIE Kobza. How Western Music in Ukrainian Was Made behind Iron Curtain.” Slukh.Media. August 23, 2022.

Maslov, Sasha . 2022. Picture of Ivan Dorn for New York Times. Photgraph.

Mulhall, Joe. 2023. “‘For Now, Music Is a Weapon’: The Ukrainian Musicians Playing on as an Act of Resistance.” The Guardian, March 8, 2023, sec. Music.

“Myzin archeological site.” n.d. Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine. Accessed December 12, 2023.

Nechepurenko, Ivan . 2022. “A Pop Star Tried to Reconcile Russia and Ukraine. War Ruined That.” New York Times. New York Times. July 7, 2022.

Olkhovsky, A., and ERNEST J. SIMMONS. “HISTORY OF UKRAINIAN MUSIC.” In Concise Encyclopedia Ukraine, edited by VOLODYMYR KUBIJOVYČ, 579–93. University of Toronto Press, 1971.

Pobochii, Olena. “Chervona Ruta 1989 Festival: A Daring Challenge to the Soviet System.” Slukh.Media. August 23, 2022.

Risch, William Jay, ed. Youth and Rock in the Soviet Bloc : Youth Cultures, Music, and the State in Russia and Eastern Europe. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books/Fortress Academic, 2014. ProQuest Ebook Central.

Ruble , Blair A. 2022. “‘What’s up with Ukrainian Rap?’ | Wilson Center.” September 30, 2022.

Ruble, Blair A. 2023. “A Ukrainian Music Library in Your Pocket | Wilson Center.” September 15, 2023.

Rudnitsky, A. “THE ROLE OF MUSIC IN UKRAINIAN CULTURE.” Bulletin of the Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences in America 1, no. 4 (1943): 823–37.\

SATENSTEIN, LIANA . 2017. “Meet Ivan Dorn, the Heartthrob Singer Defying Gender Norms in Ukraine.” Vogue. September 1, 2017.

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Being Ukraine by Kwesi Asiedu, Eliza Brennan, Mustafa Bugti, Joshua Caskey, Benjamin Chin, Ian Cullen, Jack Davis, Dexter Greer, Owen Griffith, Andrew Harding, Charlotte Harris, Benjamin Kosty, Andrei Kupovich, Sydney Luna, Matthew Maischoss, Leah Mayerhauser, Sean Melvin, Bridget O'Keefe, Sebastian Parilov, Mackensie Park, Natalie Poftak, Hannah Prescott, Diana Shykula, Anthony Smith, Ian Splaver, Pete Stanger, Griffin Stead, Zach Stoddard, Asha Worley, and Robin Wright is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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